World War II As It Happened
A MaritimeQuest Daily Event Special Presentation
Friday, September 1, 1939
Day 1

September 1, 1939: Front page of The Lethbridge Herald, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
(Click on the image for a readable version.)
 
(Historical note: This is also the day the Holocaust began. On this day Adolf Hitler issued the following order;

"Reichsleiter Bouhler und Dr. med. Brandt sind unter Verantwortung beauftragt, die Befugnisse namentlich zu bestimmender Ärzte so zu erweitern, dass nach menschlichen Ermessen unheilbar Kranken bei kritischter Beurteilung ihres Krankheitszustandes der Gnadentod gesährt werden kann."

[Reichsleiter Bouhler and Dr. Brandt are responsible for expanding the powers of physicians to be named who will, as best that can be humanly judged, give incurably ill people a merciful death if their condition is assessed as critical.]

More to the point, if someone is judged by an SS doctor to be incurable or mentally-ill, they can be euthanized against their will. The list of eligible people increased over time to even include malcontents. This was the order that began full scale testing of the most efficient ways to kill people in large numbers, and it started with Germans in mental institutions. The lessons learned here would be put to use in exterminating the Jews of Europe in the concentration camps.

Reichleiter Philipp Bouhler committed suicide on May 19, 1945 after being arrested by the U.S. Army, he surly would have been charged with crimes against humanity and executed had he lived. Dr. Karl Brandt was arrested and executed after the war.)


September 1, 1939: Front page of the Grimsby Evening Telegraph, Grimsby, England.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of the North-Eastern Gazette, Middlesbrough, England.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Daily Mail, Hull, England.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Midland Daily Telegraph, Coventry, England.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of the Manchester Evening News, Manchester, England.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of the Press and Journal, Aberdeen, Scotland.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Sydney Sun, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of Het Volksdagblad, Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Dutch communist paper.)
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Muscatine Journal, Muscatine, Iowa.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Wilson Daily Times, Wilson, North Carolina.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Hammond Times, Hammond, Indiana.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of The Athens Messenger, Athens, Ohio.
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September 1, 1939: Front page of the Teltower Kreisblatt, Teltow District, Germany.
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1. Danzig und Reich weidervereinigt. Der Führer sprach zum Deutschen Reichstag und zum Deutschen Volk.
(Danzig and the Reich united. The Führer spoke to the Reichstag and the German people.)
 
[Danzig has a complex history, with control of the city shifting between Poland, Prussia and Germany at various periods of time. In 1939 the city was a "Free City" mostly under Polish control, but with a vastly overwhelming German population. Retaking Danzig, now Gdansk, Poland, was sold to the German people as a way to reunify the German people under German control. The same argument was used by Hitler when the Germans marched into Austria and the Sudetenland, the modern day Czech Republic.]



   
Page published Sept. 1, 2020